Bento is a single-portion takeout or home-packed meal common in Japanese cuisine. A traditional bento holds rice, fish or meat, with pickled or cooked vegetables, usually in a box-shaped container. Containers range from disposablemass produced to hand crafted lacquerware. Bento boxes are readily available in many places throughout Japan, including convenience stores, bento shops, railway stations, and department stores. However, Japanese homemakers often spend time and energy on a carefully prepared lunch box for their spouse, child, or themselves . Bento can be elaborately arranged in a style called "kyaraben" ("character bento"). Kyaraben
are typically decorated to look like popular characters from Japanese
cartoons (anime), comic books (manga), or video games. Another popular
bento style is "oekakiben" or "picture bento". This is decorated to look
like people, animals, buildings and monuments, or items such as flowers
and plants. Contests are often held where bento arrangers compete for
the most aesthetically pleasing arrangements.
The shape and size of the whole building was based around the size of
the panes of glass made by the sculptor, Chance Brothers of Birmingham. These
were the largest panes you could buy at the time, measuring 25.4 cm wide by
124.46 cm long. The roofing unit took the form of a long triangular prism so it
was very light and very strong that meant that it could be built with a few
materials. Paxton set the dimensions of the prism with only one pane of glass.
These panes were supported by cast iron beams, which were held up by thin cast
iron pillars. The ground level of the Crystal Palace (in plan) was 46.9392 m by
11.5824 m. Paxton was knighted by Queen Victoria in recognition of his work.
Interior- The interior was designed by Owen Jones
Owen Jones was asked to decorate and plan the layout of the Great
Exhibition building. He wrote to twenty architects and decorators to ask for
suggestions, but no one agreed. Jones wanted a vibrant colour scheme using only
primary colours. His plan caused lots of debate. He had to defend his views in
a lecture to the Institute of British Architects on 16 December 1850. Jones
wanted to use stripes of red, yellow and blue, from his belief that all great
pieces of art, only the primary colours were used. After his lecture, the Royal
Commission accepted it without any changes. Jones because one of the
influential design theorists of the 19th century.
Construction- Sir Charles Fox was head of construction
Fox took the position to build the Crystal Palace on the site in July
1850. More than five thousand navvies worked on building during it's
construction, with almost two-thousand on site at one time. There was about
four thousand tonnes of iron in all. The Crystal Palace wasfinished in only five months. Because it was
almost completely made of glass, it needed no artificial lighting during the
day, which reduced the Exhibition's running costs. Fox was also knighted for
his contribution. The building was 41 m high, with 71,794.0 m2 on
the ground floor alone.